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terça-feira, 21 de junho de 2011

The first day of Summer

The summer solstice occurs exactly when the Earth's and the moon's axial tilt is most inclined towards the sun, at its maximum of 23° 26'. Though the summer solstice is an instant in time, the term is also colloquially used like Midsummer to refer to the day on which it occurs. Except in the polar regions (where daylight is continuous for many months), the day on which the summer solstice occurs is the day of the year with the longest period of daylight. The summer solstice occurs in June in the Northern Hemisphere north of the Tropic of Cancer (23°26'N) and in December in the Southern Hemisphere south of the Tropic of Capricorn (23°26'S. The Sun reaches its highest position in the sky on the day of the summer solstice. However, between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, the highest sun position does not occur at the summer solstice, since the sun reaches the zenith here and it does so at different times of the year depending on the latitude of the observer. Depending on the shift of the calendar, the summer solstice occurs some time between December 21 and December 22 each year in the Southern Hemisphere, and between June 20 and June 21 in the Northern Hemisphere.
Worldwide, interpretation of the event has varied among cultures, but most have held a recognition of sign of the fertility, involving holidays, festivals, gatherings, rituals or other celebrations around that time.
The word solstice derives from Latin sol (sun) and sistere (to stand still).

21 Junho, primeiro dia de verao na Inglaterra, vamos torcer para o frio ir embora a chuva parar e o sol chegar!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! :)

Each year on the 21 June visitors from around the world gather at Stonehenge overnight to mark the summer solstice and to see the sunrise above the stones. At dawn the central Altar stone aligns with the Slaughter stone, Heel stone and the rising sun to the northeast.
The Summer Solstice is the most important day of the year at Stonehenge and a truly magical time to be there.

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sexta-feira, 10 de junho de 2011

Dia dos namorados

O Dia dos Namorados, ou Dia de São Valentim, é uma data especial e comemorativa na qual se celebra a união amorosa entre casais sendo comum a troca de cartões e presentes com simbolismo de mesmo intuito, tais como as tradicionais caixas de bombons. No Brasil, a data é comemorada no dia 12 de junho. Em Portugal também acontecia o mesmo até há poucos anos, mas atualmente é mais comum a data ser celebrada em 14 de Fevereiro.

No Brasil, a data é comemorada no dia 12 de Junho por ser véspera do 13 de Junho, Dia de Santo Antônio, santo português com tradição de casamenteiro.

A data provavelmente surgiu no comércio paulista, quando o publicitário João Dória trouxe a ideia do exterior e a apresentou aos comerciantes. A ideia se expandiu pelo Brasil, amparada pela correlação com o Dia de São Valentin - que nos países do hemisfério norte ocorre em 14 de fevereiro e é utilizada para incentivar a troca de presentes entre os apaixonados.

Pois eh, eu jah tinha dito que nunca ganhei nada de Valentine's Day nem de dia dos namorados no Brasil. Mas gente, jah nao basta um dia dos namorados por ano pra me lembrar disso, tem que ter dois!! Isso que dah morar fora......... Ninguem me ama, ninguem me quer, ninguem me entende. Buaaaaaaaaaaa kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkk Entao pra quebrar isso de novo eu vou me dar outro cartao de Valentine porque eu sou mais eu!
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Les Paul

Lester William Polsfuss (June 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009) — known as Les Paul — was an American jazz and country guitarist, songwriter and inventor. He was a pioneer in the development of the solid-body electric guitar which "made the sound of rock and roll possible".
He is credited with many recording innovations. Although he was not the first to use the technique, his early experiments with overdubbing (also known as sound on sound), delay effects such as tape delay, phasing effects and multitrack recording were among the first to attract widespread attention.

His innovative talents extended into his playing style, including licks, trills, chording sequences, fretting techniques and timing, which set him apart from his contemporaries and inspired many guitarists of the present day. He recorded with his wife Mary Ford in the 1950s, and they sold millions of records.

Among his many honors, Paul is one of a handful of artists with a permanent, stand-alone exhibit in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He is prominently named by the music museum on its website as an "architect" and a "key inductee" along with Sam Phillips and Alan Freed.

Guitar builder

The Gibson Les Paul, one of the world's most popular electric guitars, was named after the man who invented it.Paul's innovative guitar, "The Log", built after-hours in the Epiphone guitar factory in 1940, was one of the first solid-body electric guitars.[26] Adolph Rickenbacker had marketed a solid-body guitar in the 1930s and Leo Fender also independently created his own in 1946. Although Paul approached the Gibson Guitar Corporation with his idea of a solid body electric guitar, they showed no interest until Fender began marketing its Esquire which later became known as the Telecaster models.

The arrangement persisted until 1961, when declining sales prompted Gibson to change the design without Paul's knowledge, creating a much thinner, lighter and more aggressive-looking instrument with two cutaway "horns" instead of one. Paul said he first saw the "new" Gibson Les Paul in a music-store window, and disliked it. Although his contract required him to pose with the guitar, he said it was not "his" instrument and asked Gibson to remove his name from the headstock. Others claimed that Paul ended his endorsement contract with Gibson during his divorce to avoid having his wife get his endorsement money.[27] Gibson renamed the guitar "Gibson SG", which stands for "Solid Guitar", and it also became one of the company's best sellers.

The original Gibson Les Paul-guitar design regained popularity when Eric Clapton began playing the instrument a few years later, although he also played an SG and an ES-335. Paul resumed his relationship with Gibson and endorsed the original Gibson Les Paul guitar from that point onwards[citation needed]. His personal Gibson Les Pauls were much modified by him—Paul always used his own self-wound pickups and customized methods of switching between pickups on his guitars[citation needed]. To this day, various models of Gibson Les Paul guitars are used all over the world by both novice and professional guitarists. A less-expensive version of the Gibson Les Paul guitar is also manufactured for Gibson's lower-priced Epiphone brand.

On January 30, 1962, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office issued Paul a patent, Patent No. 3,018,680, for an "Electrical Music Instrument."

Thank god for Les Paul! :)
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